Remarks on Colonialism and Imperialism

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 Notes upon Colonialism and Imperialism Composition

Chapter thirty-three Notes

5. Foundations of empire

* Motives of imperialism

5. Modern imperialism

* Identifies domination of industrialized countries over subject lands * Domination accomplished through control, investment, and business activities * Two sorts of modern colonialism

* Groupe ruled and populated by migrants

* Colonies managed by soberano powers devoid of significant settlement * Financial motives of imperialism

* Western european merchants and entrepreneurs built personal performance * Overseas expansion for raw materials: plastic, tin, copper, petroleum * Colonies were potential marketplaces for commercial products 2. Political purposes

* Tactical purpose: harbors and supply channels for industrial nations 5. Overseas enlargement used to defuse internal worries

* Cultural justifications of imperialism

* Christian missionaries sought turns in Africa and Asia * " Civilizing mission" or " white man's burden" was obviously a justification intended for expansion 2. Tools of empire

* Transportation technologies supported imperialism

* Steam-powered gunboats reached inland seas of The african continent and Asia * Railroads organized regional economies to serve imperial power * Western armed service technologies more and more powerful

* Firearms: coming from muskets to rifles to machines firearms

5. In Struggle of Omdurman 1898, English troops killed eleven 1000 Sudanese in five several hours * Interaction technologies linked imperial royaume with groupe * Oceangoing steamships slice travel period from The united kingdom to India from years to several weeks * Telegraph invented in 1830s, global reach by simply 1900

2. European imperialism

* The British empire in India

2. Company guideline under the English language East India Company

* EIC took good thing about Mughal drop in India, began cure of India in 1750s * Developed trading cities and capes at Calcutta, Madras, Bombay * Ruled domains with small British force and Indian soldiers called sepoys * Sepoy mutiny, 1857: attacks in British people led to swift British reprisals * United kingdom imperial guideline replaced the EIC, 1858

2. British viceroy and high-level British civil service ruled India 2. British representatives appointed a viceroy and formulated almost all domestic and foreign insurance plan * Indians held low-level bureaucratic positions

* Economic restructuring of India and Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

* Introduction of commercial plants: tea in Ceylon, as well coffee and opium * Built railroads and telegraph lines, new canals, provides hiding for, and water sources methods 5. British secret did not hinder Indian lifestyle or Indio religion 2. Established English-style schools pertaining to Indian elites

* Outlawed Indian traditions considered offensive, such as the sati * Imperialism in central Asia and southeast Asia

* " The truly amazing Game" identifies competition between Britain and Russia in central Asia * Simply by 1860s Russian expansion come to northern frontiers of Uk India 5. Russian and British explorers mapped, scouted, but by no means colonized Afghanistan * Russian dominance of central Asia lasted right up until 1991

5. Dutch East India Business held limited control of Dalam negri (Dutch East India) * British colonies in southeast Asia

2. Established colonial authority in Burma, eighties

* Slot of Singapore founded 1824; was foundation for cure of Malaya, 1870s * French Indochina created, 1859-1893

* Consisted of Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos--former tribute states of Qing dynasty * French motivated conversion to Christianity, proven western-style universities * Kingdom of Siam (Thailand) left in place because buffer between Burma and Indochina 5. The scramble for Africa

* Between 1875 and early 1900s, European powers seized nearly the entire country * Early on explorers charted the oceans, gathered information about resources 2. Missionaries just like David Livingstone set up objective posts 5. Henry Stanley sent simply by Leopold 2 of Athens to create colony in Congo, 1870s 2. To protect their particular...

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