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SKAA 2912- SECTION 01

REPORT OF SITE-VISIT SUNGAI JOHOR WATER TREATMENT PLANT

NAME: NUR AZIRA BINTI ALIAS

SECTION: 01

MATRIC NO: A13KA0128

NO I/C: 940129085210

LECTURER'S NAME: DOCTOR MOHD NOR BIN OTHMAN

CONTENT

INTRODUCTION……2

BACKGROUND……3

DRINKING WATER TRAETMENT PROCEDURE

1)Coagulation process……4

2)Flocculation process……4-5

3)Sedimentation process……5

4)Filtration process……5

5)Disinfection process……6

CONCLUSION……6

INTRODUCTION

A site visit to Sg Johor Normal water Treatment Herb was held on 20th 04 2015 pertaining to water treatment class, SKAA 2912. A total of approximately __ students indulge in the site go to. The purpose and objective of the site trips to the water treatment herb is to give exposure to the scholars about water treatment systems that operates on Sg Johor normal water treatment grow. Through this web site visit, learners can learn and analyze in detail and closer about water treatment process executed in Sg Johor Drinking water Treatment Grow. The understanding on the processes can be a very good basis for young students in order to obtaining perceptive of water treatment process in real life circumstance. Furthermore, this site visit can help the students about knowledge intended for the preparation of their foreseeable future career.

HISTORY OF SUNGAI JOHOR WTP

Sungai Johor Drinking water Treatment Grow began its operation in 1996 using a capacity of 159 , 000, 000 liters per day and in the year 2003 its potential was increased to 318 million liters a day. They supply clean normal water in some regions of Johor Bahru City and Pontian. The raw normal water source received from Sungai Johor located 3KM from flower. They also provide raw normal water for Empangan Sungai Layang.

Main Control Room

Acts to control the entire

operation of the plant by SCADA

System

Laboratory

Place where normal water quality test out for

Raw and clean normal water are done. The

test out conducted every 2 and 4 hours

according to the parameter set by

Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia.

WATER TREATMENT PROCEDURE

1 . CONGELATION PROCESS

Coagulation is the method in which chemicals are included in water causing a reduction from the forces looking after keep allergens apart. Particles in normal water source happen to be in a secure condition. Consequently , the main aim of coagulation is usually to destabilize debris and enable these to become placed on other allergens so that they could possibly be removed in subsequent method. The overall purpose is to kind particles adequate to be removed by the subsequent setting or filtration techniques. The coagulation process method is by blending water with coagulant chemicals such as alum or ferric chloride.

installment payments on your FLOCCULATION PROCESS

Flocculation is known as a process wherein colloids emerge from suspension in the form of floc or perhaps flake; both spontaneously or perhaps due to the addition of a making clear agent. The action differs from precipitation in that, just before flocculation, colloids are merely hung in a water and not basically dissolved within a solution. The goal of flocculation is to provide for a rise in the number of connections between coagulated particles hung in water by mild and prolonged agitation. Agitation results in collision of the debris leading to development of floc large enough to stay in a sedimentation tank.

3. SEDIMENTATION METHOD

The objective of sedimentation process is to remove the suspended material coming from water by action of gravity. It tanks could be rectangular, rectangular, or spherical in shape. Sedimentation is a physical water treatment process using gravity to eliminate suspended shades from normal water. Solid allergens entrained by turbulence of moving normal water may be taken off naturally by simply sedimentation in the still water of ponds and oceans. Settling basins are ponds constructed when it comes to removing entrained solids by sedimentation. Clarifiers are...

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